Press release - Prescott, AZ, USA - April 24, 2015
Alcohol detox is an essential preliminary measure to fight with alcoholism and its life-threating consequences. Period of recovery must be supervised by doctor and include educational part in order to better understand all features of the case. The medical control is crucial because of serious symptoms that can follow the detox: vomiting, tremors, anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations etc.
Alcohol rehabilitation programs can be residential or outpatient, but both of them consist of several elements:
1. Initial clinic assessment in order to develop an individual program for addicted person. At this stage he/she is asked about the medical history, mental health, social environment, effect of alcohol on behaviour;
2. Development of a plan with identifying the problems, purposes, individual features and details;
3. Counselling in order to recognize and understand a problem, receive a motivation, socialise, build new connections;
4. Individual assignments, which means education through readings, audio/video materials, tasks, questions to response in order to endorse present problem;
5. Life skills trainings will enlighten how to manage anger, stress or frustration; give some tips about employment; goal setting; spending free time; self developing; social communication skills and effective time management;
6. Joining to self-help groups after the end of the program as an important part of full recovery.
There is a variety of programs that offer help like this, e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous (a 12-step program), SMART (with cognitive methods), Women for Sobriety (focuses on features of women recovery), Moderation Management (for people who seek rather to moderate drinking than stop drinking totally).
Medications that supposed to be a contributing factor in a treatment: disulfiram (Antabuse), Naltrexone, or Vivitrol, ReVia (used more commonly), Acamprosate (Campral), anticonvulsant drug topiramate (Topamax). all of them are used to reduce desire to drink alcohol.